Mobile Observation Methods for Road Maintenance Assessments

The key objectives are to develop, test and evaluate improved, affordable and moderate-cost road condition and performance assessment techniques, which offer new effective tools for monitoring and assessing maintenance needs across Europe.

Since the advent of satellite navigation systems that allow vehicle tracking, there has been considerable research and development of monitoring systems that use intelligent cars as sensors. Having several such cars in a fleet results in FCD systems (Fleet Car Data). Most previous studies have concentrated on the use of FCD for the analysis of the traffic state and to develop better traffic information and telematics services.

In MOBI-ROMA, the emphasis of the study is on road surface condition monitoring using data coming from vehicle’s internal sensors through the CAN-bus, or simple devices mounted on the vehicle. Similar techniques with suitable sensors can be used also for assessing strength of road bed or need for winter maintenance. The key target user sector of MOBI-ROMA is road maintenance.

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Crowd sourcing used to measure our seas – currently bathymetry but also extendable to other data such as tides, currents, temperature and winds.

TeamSurv is a project where mariners help create better charts of coastal waters, by logging depth and position data whilst they are at sea, and uploading the data to the web for processing and display.
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Balkan GEO Network – Towards Inclusion of Balkan Countries into Global Earth Observation Initiatives

Inclusion of all Balkan countries into GEO and their contribution to GEOSS is of great importance, since only a comprehensive EO framework can lead to better understanding and more intelligent utilization of the environmental resources, increased quality of life and faster economic development. The importance and benefits from participation in global
EO initiatives have already been recognized by several Balkan countries. However, a great number of Balkan countries arestill not members of GEO.

This project aims to identify existing EO-data providers and users in the wider Balkan region, to determine their status,potentials and needs, and to coordinate EO players by establishing proper interfaces and networking between them. A broadanalysis of gaps and complementarities of EO activities within the region will be performed, with the emphasis on user needs in the specific context of the Balkan region.

The consortium has been carefully constituted to include key players both from EO-data provider and EO-data user communities, from all Balkan countries. Participants from other EU countries are also included to allow straightforward identification of mechanisms for leveraging, developing and coordinating EO capacity building initiatives in the region, and to ensure that the Project outcomes will be in line with the currently designed Shared Environmental Information System and with Infrastructure for Spatial Information in Europe.
Main outcomes of the Project will be the creation of a permanent web-based networking facility, and the design of roadmaps and recommendations for an active, coordinated and sustained participation of all Balkan countries in global EO initiatives.

These outcomes will also present a contribution to GEO task CB-09-03 „Building Institutional Capacity to Use EO” and specifically to subtask CB-09-03b „Establishing Regional Capacity Building Networks“.

Project home-page:  http://www.BalkanGEO.Net



Establishing GPS Network for Monitoring the Perceptible Water Vapor over Nasser-Lake in Egypt

The dramatic change from the abundant rainfall in the 1950s and 60s to much drier conditions from the 70s to the 90s over most of the African countries was the strongest trend in rainfall on the planet of the 20th century. Marked inter-annual variations in recent decades have resulted in extremely dry years with devastating environmental and socio-economic impacts. With a large rural population depending on rain fed agriculture, the abrupt decrease of water resources has been devastating to both populations and economies.

The aim of our proposal is to provide the decision makers with improved assessments of similar rainfall changes which are likely to occur during the 21st century due to natural fluctuations and as a result of anticipated global climate change. An essential step in that direction is to improve our ability to forecast the weather and climate in the north-African region specially Egypt. The primary objective of the proposal is to establish a network of four Global Positioning System (GPS) stations for monitoring the Perceptible Water Vapor (PWV) over Nasser-Lake in Egypt.


Integrated geo-spatial information technology and its application to resource and environmental management towards the GEOSS

The IGIT project aims at developing a prototype system for data collection, analysis and dissemination for informed decision making; a step towards the goals of GEOSS. This staff exchange programme embraces a broad palette of research centres in China and Europe to streamline their activities towards the complex prototype system with the following main function: integrated geo-spatial information acquisition and management in various application fields. Eight leading institutions of different disciplines participate in the mobility programme, which facilitates data and information exchange and joint research work. This way, different fields of ongoing activities are linked together for building the complex system. The following elements will be developed in individual work packages:

- New image processing techniques for remote sensing
- Integrated geo-spatial information and its application to agriculture and forestry
- Integrated geo-spatial information and its application to land and environment monitoring
- Spatial data engineering and internet-based information sharing and service in water resources management
- Design and implementation and application of a WebGIS
- Distributed computing and geographical knowledge grid
- Geographical process modelling and analysis
- Integrated geo-spatial information and its application to climate change and carbon cycle
- Integrated geo-spatial information and its application to coastal zone management

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EuMon: EU-wide monitoring methods and systems of surveillance for species and habitats of Community interest

EuMon stands for EU-wide monitoring methods and systems of surveillance for species and habitats of Community interest. EuMon focused on four major aspects important for biodiversity monitoring: the involvement of volunteers, coverage and characteristics of monitoring schemes, monitoring methods, and the setting of monitoring and conservation priorities. It further developed tools to support biodiversity monitoring.

Volunteers: Most monitoring schemes rely on volunteers, and the relationship between amateurs and professionals is particularly important for implementing a successful monitoring regime. EuMon showed that monitoring schemes based on volunteers do perform equally well or even better than professional schemes in most indicators of scientific quality and reliability. Key principles for the successful volunteer involvement can be found elsewhere on this portal.
Coverage and characteristics of biodiversity monitoring: EuMon developed a comprehensive database (DaEuMon) on European biodiversity monitoring schemes. The database contains metadata that characterise monitoring schemes and provides contact addresses. DaEuMon will be maintained and expanded continuously and is an integral part of BioMAT - the EuMon integrated Biodiversity Monitoring and Assessment Tool. BioMAT’s module 1 allows extraction of this information and its presentation in tabular or graphical form.
Monitoring methods. EuMon evaluated existing monitoring methods for the design of monitoring schemes, for the analysis of monitoring data, and for the integration of collected information across schemes. Based on these evaluations, EuMon developed a primer for biodiversity monitoring that summarizes the most important recommendations and also compiled extended guidelines. Recommended monitoring schemes provide the basis for modules 2 and 3 of BioMAT.
National responsibilities and networks of protected areas: EuMon has compiled methods to develop an efficient network of protected areas and has analysed gaps and biases in the NATURA 2000 network. EuMon has also developed methods to evaluate the national responsibility of EU Member states for the conservation of species and habitats. National responsibility is a measure of the importance of the assessed region (usually a country) for the global survival of a species respectively habitat type.
Monitoring support tools: EuMon developed three internet based support tools:BioMAT - the EuMon integrated Biodiversity Monitoring and Assessment Tool, the database on European biodiversity monitoring schemes (DaEuMon), and the PMN database that contains information on organisations that carry out volunteer based biodiversity monitoring. In addition, EuMon developed key principles for biodiversity monitoring and for determining national responsibilities. The comprehensive results of EuMon are also available on this portal.

The EuMon consortium combines the expertise of 16 partners from 11 countries. More information on EuMon and its results can be found on this portal if you go to EuMon-home.

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SCALES: Securing the Conservation of biodiversity across Administrative Levels and spatial, temporal, and Ecological Scales.

SCALES stands for Securing the Conservation of biodiversity across Administrative Levels and spatial, temporal, and Ecological Scales. The SCALES project will seek ways to build the issue of scale into policy and decision making and biodiversity management. The general objective of SCALES is to provide the most appropriate assessment tools and policy instruments to foster our capacity for biodiversity conservation across spatial and temporal scales and to disseminate them to a wide range of users. This general objective can be broken down into seven detailed objectives:

1) Assess and model the socio-economic driving forces and resulting environmental pressures (habitat loss and fragmentation, changing climate, disturbance) affecting European across scales.
2) Analyse the scale-dependent impacts of these pressures on components of biodiversity ranging from genes to species’ populations to biotic communities and ecosystems;
3) Develop and evaluate new methods for upscaling and downscaling to facilitate the provision of environmental, ecological, and socio-economic information at relevant and matching scales.
4) Assess the effectiveness and efficiency of policy instruments and identify innovative policy instruments to address scale-related conservation problems; improve multilevel biodiversity governance;
5) Evaluate the practical suitability and matching of methods and policy instruments to deliver effective European biodiversity conservation across scales, using networks of protected areas, regional connectivity, and monitoring of status and trend of biodiversity as a common testing ground;
6) Translate the results into policy and management recommendations and integrate them in a web based support tool kit (SCALETOOL) to support sustainable conservation action across scales.
7) Disseminate the results to policy makers, biodiversity managers, scientists, and the general public.

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IONO-DeCO: Ionospheric Delay Corrections in GNSS Signals for High Precision Applications

Abstract: The objective of this activity is to design an optimal strategy to remove 2nd order signal delays induced by ionospheric refraction which can constitute one important error source on GNSS measurements. The modelling of such corrections will be assessed within the project from electron content, geomagnetic models and the combination of 3 GNSS signals. Higher order corrections will be considered.


MONITOR: Ionospheric Monitoring Experimentation Plan & Instrument Development

Abstract: The objectives of this activity are the understanding and consolidation of the knowledge related to the impact of ionospheric effects on the performance of GNSS (in particular, EGNOS and Galileo) systems, in particular those effects happening during extreme events around solar maximum. The project includes a central archiving and processing facility for storing all data (from external providers and project stations) and deriving/presenting results and final products.



To sustain the growth of NAVIS center and the diffusion of European GNSS research and technology in the South East Asia Region. gAGE/UPC activities are focused on Precise Navigation in South East Asia. Activities are also focused on the study of the ionospheric conditions in this area.

EGNOS-IET: EGNOS - Ionosphere Expert Team

Development of Ionosphere scenarios for EGNOS

GENIUS: GNSS Educational network for Industry and Universities.

GENIUS is an ambitious project that needs to bring together many partners including universities and user fora in order to have a strong and credible impact. It builds on the positive outcomes of previous framework funded projects such as ERIG, G-TRAIN and PEGASE (Provision of Expertise to GSA And Support to Enabling activities) and other initiatives including the ESA Education Forum, ESNC (European Satellite Navigation Competition), Living Labs and Euro Innova KIS4SAT (Knowledge Intensive Services for Satellite Applications). It focuses on extending the work of G-TRAIN and the development of a network of universities and research institutions. It builds strong engagement and interactions between universities and research institutes and industry including user fora, regional representative bodies and more particularly SMEs. The project strengthens existing initiatives on the regional, national and European level by bringing together fragmented pan-European expertise to promote the creation of a critical mass of skilled & educated GNSS personnel.